Everything You Need to Know About Ingrown Nails

by Oct 12, 2022

Unsightly and painful to have, ingrown nails are an all-too-common problem. In this article, we’ll discuss what causes them, how to treat them at home, and when you should come to us for treatment. By the end, you’ll know everything you need to know about ingrown toenails so you can get back on your feet and enjoy your life!

What is an Ingrown Nail?

An ingrown nail is a type of foot condition that develops when the corner of the toenail grows into the skin. It is most commonly seen in the big toe, however, can occur on other toes as well.

Ingrown Nail Symptoms

Ingrown toenails can be quite debilitating. Symptoms may include:

Pain

The most common symptom of an ingrown toenail is pain. This pain can range from mild discomfort to severe, throbbing pain. The pain is typically worse when pressure is applied to the toe, such as when wearing shoes.

Swelling

Another common symptom is swelling. This can occur in the toe itself or the surrounding tissue. In some cases, the toe may become so swollen that it is difficult to wear shoes.

Redness

Redness is another common symptom of an ingrown nail and is usually the result of inflammation.

Infection

If the ingrown toenail is left untreated, it can lead to an infection. Symptoms of an infection may include pus, redness, and heat in the affected area. In severe cases, the infection may spread to other parts of the body.

diabetic neuropathy

What Causes Ingrown Toenails?

Several factors can contribute to the development of an ingrown toenail. These include:

Poorly Cut Toenails

If the toenails are not properly trimmed, they can become ingrown. This is especially common if the nails are cut too short or if they are not cut straight across.

Ill-Fitting Shoes

Tight shoes can also contribute to the development of ingrown toenails. This is because they can place pressure on the toes, which can cause the nails to grow into the skin.

Injury

Physical trauma like stubbing your toe or dropping something on your foot can also cause an ingrown toenail. This type of injury can damage the nail, causing it to grow into the skin.

Tearing the Corner of the Nail

If the corner of the nail is ripped off, it can leave a jagged edge. This jagged edge can then grow into the skin, causing an ingrown toenail.

Congenital Predisposition

Believe it or not, genetics can play a role in the development of ingrown toenails. If you have family members who have had this condition, you may be more likely to develop it as well.

How are Ingrown Toenails Diagnosed?

Ingrown toenails are typically diagnosed based on a physical examination. Our doctor will look for typical symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and redness. In some cases, X-rays may be ordered to rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

a man holding his big toe in pain

Treatment Options for Ingrown Nails

Treatment for an ingrown toenail typically depends on the severity of the condition. For mild cases, home treatment may be all that is necessary. However, in more severe cases, medical treatment may be necessary.

At-Home Treatment Options

At-home treatments can be an easy way to get rid of an ingrown toenail. These treatments can help to reduce pain and inflammation and allow the nail to grow back properly.

Soak in Warm Water

One simple at-home treatment is to soak the affected foot in warm water for 15-20 minutes, several times per day. This can help to reduce pain and inflammation. Epsom salts can also be added to the water to help decrease swelling.

Wear Loose-Fitting Shoes

Wearing loose-fitting shoes can also help to reduce pain and inflammation. This is because tight shoes can put pressure on the toes, which can exacerbate symptoms.

Apply a Warm Compress

Another at-home treatment is to apply a warm compress to the affected area. This can be done by soaking a clean cloth in warm water and then applying it to the toe for 10-15 minutes.

Place a Cotton Ball Under the Nail

Another simple treatment is to place a small piece of cotton under the nail. This can help to reduce pressure on the nail and allow it to grow back properly. However, don’t cut into the skin to dig out the nail as this can lead to infection.

Keep Feet Dry and Clean

It’s also important to keep the feet clean and dry. This means washing them regularly with soap and water and drying them thoroughly. Doing this can help to prevent infection.

In-Office Treatments

In more severe cases of ingrown toenails, medical treatment may be necessary. This is typically done on an outpatient basis and does not require a hospital stay.

Nail Lift

One treatment option is a nail lift. This is a procedure in which the corner of the nail is lifted so that it no longer grows into the skin. A nail lift can be done using a special tool or a chemical solution.

Partial or Total Removal of the Nail

In more severe cases, the entire nail may need to be removed. This is typically done as a last resort and only when other treatments have failed. Partial or total removal of the nail is typically done using a local anesthetic.

When to See a Doctor

There are some cases when home treatment is not enough and medical treatment is necessary. This includes those with:

Diabetes or Other Health Conditions

If you have diabetes or another health condition that affects the nerve endings of the foot, it’s important to see our doctor as soon as possible. This is because these conditions can make it difficult to perceive the severity of an ingrown nail and increase the risks of complications.

Poor Blood Circulation

If you have preexisting or have noticed the onset of poor blood circulation in your feet, it’s important to see Dr. Timson. This is because poor circulation can lead to more serious complications, such as an infection.

Signs of Infection

If you notice any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or pus, it’s important to come to see our office right away. This is because the infection can quickly become serious and lead to complications.

Don’t Let an Ingrown Toenail Slow You Down

At Community Foot Clinic of McPherson, we understand how painful and frustrating an ingrown toenail can be. That’s why we offer a variety of treatment options to help you get relief. To learn more or to schedule an appointment, give us a call today. We look forward to helping you get back on your feet!

McPherson Office

316 W. 4th Street
McPherson, KS 67460
P: (620) 241-3313
F: (620) 241-6967

Hillsboro Office

108 S. Main Street
Hillsboro, KS 67063
P: (620) 877-4305

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